New York City officials have bolstered security and quietly stepped up outreach to Muslim residents in the consequence of last month’s Paris attacks, trying to calm fears of hate-filled retaliation and mend a relationship that has been fraught with mutual suspicion.
The city has increased its presence in Muslim neighborhoods, sending staffers to visit mosques and meet with imams and worshippers.
Cop officials have briefed community leaders on new counterterrorism procedures. Other city officials have urged Muslims to report any hate crimes, the number of which is sharply lower in New York in 2015 than at this time a year ago.
In a speech Friday evening at an Islamic community center, Mayor Bill de Blasio said the city would deepen its relationship with the 800,000 Muslim New Yorkers and vowed dogged investigations into any hate crimes.
“We are a stronger city because of the contributions of the Muslim community,” he said.
De Blasio’s speech at the Jamaica Muslim Center, or Masjid Al-Mamoor, is the most high-profile move the administration has made to calm jittery Muslims since the Nov. 13 attacks that killed at least 129 people in Paris and this week’s slaying of 14 people in San Bernardino, California.
6 days after the Paris attacks, the mayor’s office organized a meeting among 40 community leaders the vast majority Muslims and police with aims of building the trust necessary for Muslims to turn to law enforcement to report crimes. The police department has also increased security at mosques, as well as synagogues.
Hanane Dannech, a 50-year-old Muslim who immigrated from France, said earlier Friday she has noticed more officers watching her mosque in Brooklyn recently.
“We, really, we feel protected,” she said, adding that what she likes about the U.S. is, “it’s the first country on Earth that takes care of other religions.”
Dannech said some public officials could do a better job of pointing out that violent extremists are the minority among Muslims rather than the norm. She said there is always a chance of harassment after “big things happen” and that “each time something happens, it gets worse.”
New York Police Department officials said there has not been an uptick in bias crimes against Muslims since the Paris attacks, though they acknowledge that some hate crimes go unreported.
The NYPD, which has 900 Muslim officers, uses its community affairs bureau to foster better relationships by staffing street festivals, providing services to accident victims and trying “to make people who don’t normally talk to cops feel comfortable coming to us,” said the head of the unit, Chief Joanne Jaffe.
“Outreach by the city to the Muslim community is critically important, especially now,” said Donna Lieberman, executive director of the New York Civil Liberties Union. “But there must be clear distinctions between the outreach and anti-terrorism efforts. Otherwise, it will discourage Muslims from going to law enforcement and just breed further distrust.”