The Indian festival of Navratri has been earned from two words—”Nav” + “Ratri”, which means “nine nights” in English. This festival is operable ubiquitously India, but it is more prominent in the state of Gujarat and Bengal. Hindus celebrate this festival to express their trustiness to the goddess of power, Durga. The worship of the goddess Durga continues for nine days. Each day, a different form of the goddess is worshiped.
Navratri (2015) is being celebrated in our country adhering to all the customs and rituals. It is of utmost importance to know the exact method of performing the Navratri Pooja. Here! is the full Navratri Pooja Vidhi.
Items to be required for the Navratri Pooja:
Picture or Idol of Goddess Durga in the Pooja room
A dupatta or sari to offer to the deity
Durga Saptshati book
Ganga water or plain water in Kalash (pitcher)
Fresh and washed mango leaves
Roli, red sacred powder for tilak
Moli, red sacred thread
Supari (Areca nuts)
Paan (Betel leaves)
You will need incense sticks, a ‘deep’ and a matchstick. You will also require some fresh flowers like rose, jasmine or red hibiscus. You may offer fresh fruits and sweets such as ‘laddoo’, or ‘peda’ for prasad. Take a mat, to sit. If possible, every member of the house should sit together.
Navratri Pooja Vidhi:
For performing the Navratri Pooja, you need to wake up early in the morning. Get up sharp at the sunrise. This time is considered best to perform the Navratri Pooja. Take bath and wear laundered clothes. Keep ‘deep’ at the left side of the deity. Try to light the ‘Akhand Jyot’. Keep in mind that you should not leave the house vacant if you are lighting the ‘Akhand Jyot’. Someone must stay back at home. On the right hand side of the idol, keep incense sticks etc. Keep yourself prepared to do the Puja with full devotion and concentration. Keep the kalash and coconut as well. Lay the mat and sit in an upright position in front of the deity. Light the ‘deep’. Ring the bell or blow the ‘Shankh’.
For ‘Kalash Sthapna’ Samagri:-
1. Wide and open Clay Pot to sow Sapta Dhanya
2. Clean Soil to sow Sapta Dhanya
3. Sapta Dhanya or seeds of seven different grains
4. Small clay or brass Pitcher
5. Sacred water to fill the Kalash or Ganga Jal
6. Sacred thread / Moli / Kalawa
7. Scent (perfume) (Itraa)
8. Supari (betel nuts)
9. Coins to put into the Kalash (Gold/Silver/Brass)
10. 5 leaves of Ashoka or Mango tree (Aam Ke Patte)
11. A Lid to cover the Kalash (Kalawa)
12. Raw Rice or unbroken rice known as Akshat (अक्षत) to put in the lid
13. Unpeeled Coconut (Nariyal)
14. Red Cloth to warp coconut
15. Flowers and Garland preferably marigold
16. Durva grass
Place the kalash near the idol or picture of the deity and fill it with pure water. Place mango leaves on the mouth of the kalash. Place a coconut inside the kalash. Tie moli around the neck of the kalash.
Dredge ‘Gangajal’ all over the Puja room. Now, offer sandalwood powder and some fresh grass to the Goddess. Then, offer the sari or dupatta to the Goddess. Place some fresh flowers in front of the Goddess. Next, offer ‘paan’ with a clove placed on it. If you are married, then offer two such paans. Light ‘agarbatti’ or incense sticks. Perform ‘havan’ using this mantra- “Om aing hreeng kleeng chamundaya vichche namah”. Give aahuti for 11 times. Fold your hands and pray. At last, offer prasad and do aarti of Goddess Durga. Sing the “Kshama Prarthana” of the 13th chapter of sacred Durga Saptshati and conclude the Puja. Pray with whole heart.